How Knee Injuries Happen and What To Do About It?
The knee is one of the most vulnerable joints in the body because of its position between the ankle and the hip. As a result of its location, knee injuries are very common. knee pain will arise from sudden injury, such as sports injury or twisting injury; or it will progressively build up over a long time. Either way the key to successful treatment lies in accurate diagnosis and treatment based on the best available evidence.
When your knee is swollen and/or painful with weight bearing you should arrange an appointment to be assessed. It is important to establish exactly what is wrong with your knee in order to treat it correctly in the early stages, this is particularly important for knee injuries. If your knee is locking (where you can’t move it) or giving way (buckling underneath you) you will need to be assessed and may need an orthopaedic referral.
Causes of Knee Pain
If your knee start hurting for no reason it may be that local structures around you knee are weak or stiff causing an imbalance and pain. It is also very common for areas further away from your knee to cause knee pain, for example dropped arches, past injuries in the ankles, hips or back and weakness in your buttock muscles can create biomechanical problems that can lead to pain. These types of problems can be picked up on assessment and are often very easy to fix with exercise and movement re-education.
Bakers cyst is a swelling that occurs at the back of the knee . It contains synovial fluid which is the naturally occurring substance that lubricates the joints. Causes: It is usually associated with arthritis in a older population or in a previously damaged knee and it may vary greatly in size and severity. It may occur in younger people with no apparent cause. Symptoms include localised pain, swelling and tightness. Prognosis: Bakers cyst will usually resolve over time. Complications. The cyst may rupture with the fluid leaking into the calf muscle below. Though not considered serious it needs to be differentiated from a more serious condition of DVT or blood clot that can occur in the same area. Non-pharmaceutical management involves 1. Treat the underlying cause if one is identified. 2 Local ice application. 3. A period of restricted weight bearing. 4. physiotherapy for appropriate exercise prescription. 5. Always follow the advice of your treating health professional.