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Achilles Tendonosis

The Achilles tendon is the large tendon situated behind the ankle connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. Its primary function is in allowing push off in running and walking activities. The mechanism of injury may be linked to a sudden increase in the intensity or frequency of training and the severity may be … Continue reading

Acromio-clavicular (A-C) Injury and Prevention

The A-C joint is situated at the far end of the collarbone or clavicle near the shoulder. This is a very common injury amongst contact or throwing sports. It may be injured by either a direct blow eg. a fall onto the point of the shoulder or by a fall onto an outstretched arm. … Continue reading

Aging feet.

As  our feet age they tend to undergo the following changes. 1. Thinning of the skin. 2. Wear and tear on the joints. 3. Reduced cushioning of the fat pads. 4. Reduced muscle strength. This does not mean that foot pain is inevitable as we age but we do need to carefully consider these … Continue reading

Ankle Sprains – Rolled Ankle

What is an ankle sprain? Ankle Sprains, sometimes called a rolled or twisted ankle, is an injury involving the ligaments of the ankle joint. These ligaments hold the ankle joint together, providing stability and preventing abnormal movements. They are damaged when the ankle is moved beyond the normal range of motion thus overstretching these ligaments. Ankle Sprains … Continue reading

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)

Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain and other symptoms in a specific part of the hand. It is as a result of pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the wrist. It is more commonly found in older people and in females more than males. The condition may vary in severity and often … Continue reading

Chondromalacia Patellae

Chondromalacia Patellae is a condition where the cartilage is damaged behind the patella (knee cap). The patellae serve to protect the knee and to increase the efficiency of the quadriceps muscle group at the front of the thigh. This condition can vary markedly in severity. Its exact cause is unknown. It is more likely to occur in young women … Continue reading

Chronic Pain Management

Chronic pain is described as pain that lasts longer than three consecutive months and also occurring on most days of each week. There are a vast number of causes of chronic pain and often there is no valid clinical reason as to why the pain is persisting. This is why it is so hard to … Continue reading

Flat Feet (Pes Planus)

Flat feet is a condition in which the arch or arches of the foot collapse. It may or may not be symptomatic however the pain will be felt in either the inside ankle region, outside foot or in the arch itself. The arch acts as a shock absorber in everyday activities like running and … Continue reading

Hamstring Strain injury – Causes and Prevention.

The hamstrings are a group of muscles at the back of the thigh and in sport is one of the most commonly injured structures- particularly in activities requiring speed, power and agility. These injuries may be graded up to three in severity. The cause is believed to be related to a strength imbalance between … Continue reading

Headaches and Migraines

Causes of headaches and Migraines Twenty percent of all headaches and migraines originate from neck problems; whether you are aware of them or not. This is because the first three nerves of the neck can refer pain into the head. The most common cause of such neck pain is poor posture, usually associated with sitting at a … Continue reading

Hip Bursitis Causes and Prevention

Hip bursitis is a painful condition involving swelling of the naturally occurring fluid filled sac called the bursa on the outside of the hip. This structures prime function is to cushion the tendons against the bone. This condition may be either acute (short lived) or chronic. The pain localised to the outside of the … Continue reading

How Physiotherapy can help with Injury Management.

Physiotherapists form part of a multi-disciplinary team that assesses and treats the many and varied injuries that occur to the musculo-skeletal system. Physiotherapists are able to utilise their in-depth knowledge of anatomy and physiology and movement in order to assist the body to heal and to maximise function. Physiotherapists will perform a full subjective … Continue reading

Knee Injuries

How knee Injuries Happen and What To Do About It? The knee is one of the most vulnerable joints in the body because of its position between the ankle and the hip. As a result of its location, knee injuries are very common. knee pain will arise from sudden injury, such as sports injury or twisting injury; … Continue reading

Low Back Pain

low back pain or lumbo-sacral pain may occur either from placing a sudden load on the spine through a manual handling activity eg. Lifting, carrying pushing or pulling an object. It may also occur through repetition of poor posture(s) over time. Prevention strategies include core muscle stabilising exercises aimed at building up the spines natural muscle … Continue reading


Metatarsalgia is the general term for pain in the ball of the foot- at the base of the toes. More often it is a sign of another problem rather than a problem by itself. Course: The patient will generally describe a history of gradual onset of pain and local tenderness over several weeks. Causes … Continue reading

Muscle Strain, Pulled Muscle

What is a muscle strain? A muscle strain, also known as a ‘muscle tear’ or a ‘pulled muscle’, occurs when a muscle is overstretched. Usually associated with speed, although muscle strains can occur with almost any activity, it is most common in sports due to increased load and use. There are varying degrees of a … Continue reading

Neck Pain

Causes of neck pain The causes of neck pain and strain include poor sleeping posture. A traumatic incident where the neck is moved too rapidly or too far without control of that movement. Examples may include in a football tackle or in a fall. Poor and prolonged work postures either in a seated or standing position. Excessive … Continue reading

Osgood Schlatters Disease

Osgood Schlatters disease is a painful condition occurring in young athletes affecting the upper part of the shin where the quadriceps tendon inserts into the shin bone. Its is believed that with the growing skeleton the the tendon is too strong for the bony attachment. Symptoms include: Local pain, swelling and tenderness below the knee. The … Continue reading

Osteoarthritis treatment

osteoarthritis treatment physiotherapy can assist in reducing pain from osteoarthritis, it can help teach you to self-manage and can help increase your strength and stability.  This ultimately improves your quality of life allowing you to continue to strive to reach your health goals! The treatments that physiotherapy can offer include: Joint mobilisation… Continue reading

Plantar Fasciopathy – Causes and Prevention.

The plantar fascia is a strong connective tissue structure supporting the arch of the foot. It is important in supporting the foot structures in push off phase of running and walking activities. It is characterised by local pain and tenderness in the heel. The risk factors for injury include high impact sports. Flat or … Continue reading

Post Surgical Treatments

post surgical treatment and Rehabilitation When recovering from surgery, your joints and muscles need proper rehab in order to work normally again. Rehab is important because injury, pain and long periods of not using your joints and muscles cause them to lose their normal patterns of movement. physiotherapy treatment post surgery aims to reduce swelling… Continue reading

Sacro-iliac joint (SIJ) Pain Prevention

The SIJ is a joint that forms the pelvic ring posteriorly between the sacrum and the ilium bones. It is readily identified in the region of the dimples below the lumbar spine. SIJ pain may be localised or may radiate to buttocks, groin or down the thigh. Common causes of SIJ pain and dysfunction … Continue reading

Sciatica and the sciatic nerve

What is sciatica? sciatica is a set of symptoms including pain, weakness, numbness, and pins and needles in the buttocks and down the leg.  The main causes are irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve.  The sciatic nerve is one of the major nerves of the lower limb. It originates on either side of the … Continue reading

Shin Pain – Causes and Prevention

Shin pain is generally associated with running based activities characterised by pain in the front of the lower leg. A sudden increase in intensity duration or frequency will attribute to onset or exacerbation. Risk factors include: poor lower limb biomechanics. Issues with muscle flexibility and joint mobility. Inadequate hydration and nutrition. Poor training methods … Continue reading

Shoulder pain and tightness

Causes of shoulder pain Good shoulder function is vital for most sporting and working tasks. This means shoulder pain can cause significant loss to quality of life. Causes of shoulder pain range from major injuries like dislocation and fracture to slow starting pain that increases over years. The shoulder is the one of the most complicated … Continue reading

Tennis Elbow Causes and Treatment

tennis elbow Causes and Treatment tennis elbow is a term that describes pain and discomfort on the outside of the elbow. Often it is a result of an overuse injury of the muscles in the forearm. It is common in racquet sports and manual workers. The pain on the outside of the elbow and in the forearm results from lack … Continue reading

Tenosynovitus of the Wrist

The wrist is one of the most common sites for this injury. Involving the tendon sheath. The sheath is the connective tissue structure surrounding the tendon itself. The sheath allows the tendon to slide efficiently without damage. The symptoms are local pain, swelling and tenderness with weakness and stiffness arising later. The cause is … Continue reading


TENS or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is a short term pain relieving modality. It is relatively inexpensive and portable and may be utilised in both the home and or work environment. Although not clinically proven in robust studies anecdotally many users report positive effects. The theory behind TENS is that it emits an electrical pulse via … Continue reading

Whiplash and neck injuries

What is whiplash? whiplash is an injury of the neck that involves a sudden stretch or movement. It is most commonly associated with motor vehicle accidents, where the neck is forcefully thrown forwards and then quickly comes back again. The high-velocity force can cause damage to the many muscles, ligaments and nerves in the neck. Symptoms of whiplash… Continue reading

Sport Injuries and overuse

Sports and exercise puts the body and its structures under great mechanical stress. This stress can lead to sport injuries, which generally fall into three categories: overload, overuse, and direct trauma. Overload sport injuries are caused when excessive load and/or stretch is put through a structure. This will cause the structure to fail and tear, … Continue reading

Prevention of Cricket Injuries

The prevalence of injuries in cricket has been increasing over time and the authorities are not sure why. Most Common types of Injury: Musculo-skeletal strains and sprains, lower body. Face. Most common Injury Causation: Contact with a cricket ball will often precipitate a visit to hospital. Trips and falls are also relatively common. For … Continue reading

Prevention of Golf Injuries

Golf is a very popular sport played all around the world. It is suitable to be played by both sexes of all ages. Injuries are more likely to occur in males aged 25-65yo who participate greater than 6 hours per week. Common cause of Injuries includes: 1/ Poor swing technique. 2/ Jarring through the … Continue reading

Prevention of Lawn Bowl Injuries

Lawn bowls is a very popular sport played all around the world. In Australia alone, there are 250,000 registered bowlers- predominantly males over 55 yo. The most likely to be injured and require hospitalisation are the 70-74 yo age group. Common causes of injury i9nclude: 1/ Slips and trips and falls. 2/ Over exertion. … Continue reading

Prevention of Soccer Injuries

Soccer or association football is the most common team-based sport played on this planet. Over 1 million males and females play either the indoor or outdoor version in Australia. Injury Occurrence: Approximately 35 players per 1000 playing hours will receive an injury. Common Reasons For Injury: The majority of injuries occur during play rather … Continue reading

Prevention of Surfing Injuries

There are approximately 18 million surfers worldwide covering all age groups and sexes. Types of Injuries Sustained: Almost half of all injuries are lacerations caused by inadvertent contact with the surfboard. A quarter of all injuries are sprains and strains whilst joint dislocations and bone fractures are the third most prevalent together with ear … Continue reading

Tips for a Walking Exercise Program

Walking is a very popular pastime because it is cheap, convenient and does not require any skills training. It is also very safe and enjoyable and not especially time consuming. Benefits of Walking include 1/ Relaxation and socialisation. 2/ Improvement in bone health. 3/ Improvement in fitness, strength, posture and flexibility. Physical Benefit include … Continue reading